Strategic Lead of Humanities: Mr S Egan | segan@themast.co.uk

Geography Mission Statement

Geography enables pupils to learn about their local area, their region, their country and the wider world.

Pupils will develop skills of enquiry, discussion, questioning, research, they will gain an understanding of globalisation, sustainability, multiculturalism, their place in the world and how they can help shape the future.

Current Human, Physical and Environmental topics will inspire pupils    and encourage motivation to learn.

Geography today is exploring and explaining the world we live in, by looking at the relationship between people and the environment.

The new geography national curriculum has been slimmed down but is based upon essential knowledge pupils need to acquire. There is an increased emphasis on different regions and places around the world, understanding the importance of their location. Renewed emphasis on human and physical processes by understanding how they operate and students gain an environmental understanding of human and physical working together. Technical procedures of map work and fieldwork are reinforced.

Pupils at Kirkburton Middle School are taught:

Locational knowledge to

  • extend their locational knowledge and deepen their spatial awareness of the world’s countries using maps of the world to focus on Africa, Europe, Asia (including China and India), focusing on their environmental regions, including polar and hot deserts, key physical and human characteristics, countries and major cities

Place Knowledge to

  • understand geographical similarities, differences and links between places through the study of human and physical geography of a region within Europe, Africa, and of a region within Asia

Human and physical geography to

  • understand, through the use of detailed place-based exemplars at a variety of scales, the key processes in:
  • physical geography relating to: plate tectonics; rocks, limestone, weathering and soils; weather and climate, hydrology and coasts
  • human geography relating to: population and urbanisation; international development; economic activity in the primary, secondary, tertiary and quaternary sectors; and the use of natural resources
  • understand how human and physical processes interact to influence, and change landscapes, environments and the climate; and how human activity relies on effective functioning of natural systems.

Geographical skills and fieldwork to

  • build on their knowledge of globes, maps and atlases and apply and develop this knowledge routinely in the classroom.
  • interpret Ordnance Survey maps in the classroom, including using grid references and scale, topographical and other thematic mapping, and aerial and satellite photographs
  • use fieldwork to collect, analyse and draw conclusions from geographical data.

Fieldwork to

  • to support physical geography, practice fieldwork skills and complete decision making exercises.

Curriculum Overview

Key skills and concepts are interleaved throughout the 3 year course of Geography at Kirkburton Middle School. This spiralled curriculum for Geography ensures the development and securing of essential knowledge and processes.

Year 6

Autumn Term How Do I Become a Skilled MAST Geographer?
  • Why do we study Geography?
  • Where are the world’s continents and oceans?
  • Where are Europe’s famous countries located?
  • Where and what is the UK?
  • What are the UK’s main physical features (rivers, mountains, oceans)
  • What are the UK’s main human features (cities, counties, countries)?
  • Why are maps important? How do we use them?
  • How do we work out 4 figure grid references?
  • How do we work out 6 figure grid references?
  • How do we measure height on a map?
  • How do we calculate distance on a map?
Spring Term How Do We Use Our Planet As A Natural Resource?
  • What are rocks and how are they a natural resource?
  • What are renewable and non-renewable resources?
  • How good is it to use oil as an energy resource?
  • How can we use natural resources sustainably?
  • Why do wind farms cause conflict?
  • What is the impact of our reliance on fossil fuels?
  • How can we use resources sustainably?
  • What is climate change/global warming?
  • How are species becoming endangered?
  • How is our use of plastics affecting the world?
  • How can we become more responsible citizens?
Summer Term How are Settlements Structured In Urban Areas?
  • How were sites for early settlements chosen?
  • What different settlement patterns are there?
  • How have settlements changed and grown?
  • How are cities structured?
  • How and why has land-use changed in Huddersfield?
  • Why is traffic in urban areas a problem?
  • Are there any solutions to traffic in urban areas?
  • How has shopping changed?
  • How are settlements structured in an NEE? (India)
  • How are our cities becoming sustainable?

Year 7

Autumn Term How does Weather and Climate Affect the World? Should We Think of Africa as a 'Poor Continent'?
  • What do we mean by ‘weather?’
  • How do we measure the weather?
  • How can weather data be presented?
  • How do we record the weather?
  • What are the rules on climate?
  • How does climate vary across the world?
  • What is the climate of the UK?
  • How does weather across the UK differ?
  • What types of extreme weather does the UK experience?
  • Where and what is Africa? Addressing the misconceptions.
  • Where are Africa’s climate zones?
  • What is the development gap?
  • How do we construct and interpret population pyramids?
  • Where is Nigeria what and is it like?
  • How is Nigeria’s population distributed?
  • How is Nigeria’s employment structure changing?
  • What are TNCs and how are they having an impact in Nigeria?
  • How can we manage environmental issues in Nigeria?
Spring Term How Diverse is the Asian Continent? How has China's Past Shaped it's Present?
  • What are the main human and physical characteristics of Asia?
  • What is Asia’s political geography?
  • Where are the different climate zones distributed around Asia? (focus on the diversity within India)
  • Where is China and what is it like?
  • What are China’s main physical features?
  • Where does everyone in China live?
  • How did the one-child policy impact China?
  • How did Shenzhen become a megacity?
  • What is life like in rural China?
  • How can the environment in China be improved?
Summer Term How Does Water Shape the Land?
  • Where are the different rivers around the world?
  • What are the features of the river basin?
  • How does erosion change the landscape?
  • How does the river carry its load?
  • Why is material deposited?
  • How was High Force Waterfall formed?
  • How is an ox-bow lake formed?
  • How are deltas and estuaries formed?
  • How do rivers contribute to local economies?
  • What factors cause and affect river flooding?
  • How can we mange river flooding?
  • How does water cause conflict around the River Nile?
  • Rivers fieldwork enquiry

Year 8

Autumn Term How Developed is South America? Why is there Conflict in the Middle East?
  • What is the political geography of South America?
  • What are the main physical and human characteristics of South America?
  • What are South America’s rainforests like?
  • Why is the Amazon an important natural resource?
  • How are rainforests exploited in South America?
  • How can rainforests be used in sustainable ways?
  • Where is Brazil and what is it like?
  • How is Brazil’s population distributed?
  • Why has Brazil experienced rapid urbanisation?
  • What is life like in Rio’s squatter settlements?
  • Where and what is the Middle East?
  • How does physical geography affect this important region and what problems does it create?
  • What is the DTM and where do Middle Eastern countries ‘fit in?’
  • Where is the Arabian Desert and how have plants and animals adapted to life there?
  • What are the opportunities and challenges for development in the Arabian Desert?
  • Bear Grylls – Desert Survivor: Can you design your own desert biome backpack?
  • Why is there ongoing conflict in the Middle East?
  • Should the World Cup in Qatar 2022 go ahead?
Spring Term Do Tectonic Hazards Bring Costs or Benefits?
  • How is the earth structured? (Geological Timescales)
  • What is continental drift?
  • What are tectonic plates and how do they move?
  • Where are volcanoes and earthquakes distributed?
  • How and where do earthquakes occur?
  • What was the impact of the Indian Ocean tsunami? How was India affected?
  • How can a volcano cause destruction?
  • What was the impact of the volcanic eruption in Iceland?
  • Los Angeles Case Study – How severe were the impacts?
  • Was Haiti more severely impacted than Los Angeles?
  • How can we reduce the impact of tectonic hazards? Creating earthquake proof buildings
  • Why do people live in areas at risk of tectonic hazards?
Summer Term What is Happening to the Coast? What is Happening to the Holderness Coast?
  • What are the characteristics of constructive and destructive waves?
  • How does weathering affect the coast?
  • How is material transported and deposited along the coast?
  • How does erosion form unique landforms?
  • How can we protect the Holderness Coast with hard engineering?
  • How can we protect the Holderness Coast with soft engineering?
  • Are we protecting the Holderness Coast effectively?
  • Map skills: How has the Holderness Coast changed over time?

What career…?

Geography is a universally recognised facilitating subject, widely valued by colleges and universities all over the world for its ability to teach students transferable critical thinking and decision making skills.  Geography is the perfect subject to study alongside science and mathematics to create well rounded researchers, engineers and scientists.

Having a qualification in geography is vital for people wanting to become pilots or who want to work in education, mining or tourism.  All branches of the Armed Forces look for the team-work and leadership skills our subject embraces; likewise careers in conservation, exploration, logistics and the social sector highly value and demand all the skills we learn.

With a qualification in geography no career is closed off for you – in fact geography does the opposite; it takes you places other subjects cannot reach!

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